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Stage 3: options for managing Eurobodalla's coast

Stage 3 of the project has currently been on hold since February 2019 to avoid duplication of studies completed by the state government and Council.

What is the Coastal Management Program?

Eurobodalla's coast belongs to the community. Our beaches and coastal characteristics offer important environmental, social, cultural, lifestyle, and economic benefits.

All coastal councils in New South Wales have a legal obligation to prepare a Coastal Management Program.

This page outlines some different coastal management options that can help preserve coastal areas. Your perspective and ideas about what you want your beach to look like in 50 years will help us plan to preserve what is important.

By getting involved in any decisions made now, you can help us maintain our unique coastal characteristics so Eurobodalla's beaches can continue to be enjoyed by everyone, now and in the future.

The Coastal Management Program must be prepared in accordance with NSW Government legislation, policies and guidelines.

NSW Government funding to implement coastal management projects is available only to councils with a certified Coastal Management Program. The goals of the Coastal Management Program are:

  • protect community access to beaches, headlands and rocky shores
  • maintain the lifestyle and economic attraction of the coast
  • preserve coastal landscapes and natural systems
  • consider future generations by providing the same or better opportunities to enjoy our coast
  • identify and manage hazards that may be a risk to community assets, key infrastructure and private properties.

We are currently in Stage 3 of our Coastal Management Program, engaging with the community to get ideas and feedback about different coastal management options.

The project has currently been on hold since February 2019 to avoid duplication of studies completed by the state government and Council.

In some areas of the Eurobodalla, private homes are potentially at risk from loss or damage. Around 50 land owners whose properties might be directly affected by coastal erosion have been invited to work with Council on-on-one in discussing the options for them.

Threats to the coast and coastal lifestyles

These are some of the coastal hazard threats we need to consider and discuss together as we formulate our Coastal Management Program:

  • Our lifestyle and coastal economy is impacted through loss of access to natural beach landscapes
  • Our community assets, key infrastructire and private properties can be damaged or lost through storms and other coastal hazards
  • Over time, protection works such as rock walls can prevent access to or result in the loss of a public beach
  • Clearing of natural dune and beach vegetation can spoil natural landscapes and compromise the ability of dunes to hold together and protect houses during storms
  • Non-strategic development that does not consider coastal landscapes and hazards
  • Pollution of waterways through spills, littering, run-off and failure of infrastructure during storms

Options for managing these threats

  • Adopt planning controls to avoid development in natural beach landscapes
  • Protect or relocate key public infrastructure to maintain essential services, eg water and sewer services
  • Design and build protection works such as beach nourishment, dune building and revegatation that maintain the beach and protect public access
  • Design and build works such as rock walls, generally to protect public assets, eg roads
  • Design buildings and structures that can adapt to a changing coastal landscape
  • Your ideas. We want to hear what you think of these options, and other ideas you may have.

Evaluation of options

Once we've heard the community's feedback and ideas, Council will evaluate the responses against the following priorities, as set out in the NSW Coastal Management Act 2016:

  • Protection and enhancement of natural coast given priority
  • Community access, amenity, coastal economy and cultural values must be considered
  • Public assets and sites of community value priorities for public spending
  • Private assets protection assessed against a cost benefit analysis and determination of public versus private benefit
  • Feasibility, viability, cost and who contributes to cost
  • Social acceptance by whole community

Coastal management options

1. Preserve natural coast

Do nothing but maintain the natural beach landscapes and dunes.


  • Maintain natural and wild features
  • Preservation of coastal vegetation and natural landscapes
  • Legacy for future generations in providing access to wild places
  • Important to local tourism-based economy
  • Provides positive social and cultural benefits

2. Improve natural defences

Use dredged sand to build dunes and stabilise with native vegetation to create a natural defence.


  • Beach and natural amenity are preserved for everyone
  • Opportunity to improve and restore natural beach landscape
  • Cost effective
  • Achieves balance between protecting built assets and maintaining public access to a beach


  • Relies on supply of sand from dredging navigation channels - the only legal supply of sand available
  • It takes time for plants to grow and stabilise newly built dunes
  • May require additional nourishment in longer-term

3. Built structures

Build hard structures, such as rock or concrete walls, as a defence against coastal hazards.


  • Long term protection of public infrastructure such as roads, shopping districts, water and sewer
  • Secure and certain measure to support long-term planning


  • Loss of beach and natural appeal
  • Loss of public access
  • Social impact through loss of community access to beach
  • Expensive

4. Maintain and improve public access and infrastructure

Build boardwalks, stairs, walkways to allow beach access for all.


  • Access to coast for all abilities
  • Protects adjoining natural vegetation
  • Providing designated access points
  • Asset to local tourism based economy
  • Community owned and used
  • Easy, safe access to coastal views
  • Consolidate amenities such as toilets, car parks, playgrounds, lifeguard services and signage around popular sites.


  • Construction, maintenance and renewal costs
  • Not appropriate for all sites.