On-site sewage management systems
On-site sewage management systems (OSSM) refer to any system that treats wastewater and disposes of the effluent within the premises. If you live in a house that is not connected to reticulated sewer, you will have an OSSM.
On-site sewage management systems involve the treatment of wastewater followed by the release of liquid and solid products into the environment. If not maintained and treated properly, there can be serious adverse effects and impacts, including:
- spreading of disease, bacteria, virus and pathogens
- contamination of groundwater and surface water
- degradation of soil and vegetation
- spreading of unpleasant odours
- encouraging insects and vermin.
Approval to install, alter and operate an OSSM
On-site sewage management is regulated jointly by local councils and NSW Health, and must be approved by Council before installation. Once installed, OSSM owners must ensure their system is maintained and working well.
If you would like to install a new on-site sewage management system on your property, or alter an exsisting system, you are required to gain approval from Council and submit an Application to Install/Alter and Operate an On-site Sewage Management System (refer to Section 68 of the Local Government Act 1993).
Council's On-site Sewage Management Code of Practice explains the approvals process and requirements to help you prepare your application. You can also refer to the Local Government (General) Regulation 2005, which provides you with the details of documents required to be lodged with your application:
- On-site Sewage Management Code of Practice (733 KB)
- NSW legislation: Local Government (General) Regulation 2005 - documents required to include with OSSM application.
Under the Local Government (General) Regulation 2005, Council must not approve of the installation of certain sewage management facilities unless they have been accredited by NSW Health. The types of sewage management facilities to which accreditation applies includes septic tanks, aerated wastewater treatment systems and composting toilets.
You can view a list of accredited sewage management systems on NSW Health's website.
Application and fees
- Application to Install/Alter and Operate an On-site Sewage Management System (831 KB)
- Submit your application by:
- email: Council
- post: Public and Environmental Health Team
Eurobodalla Shire Council,
PO Box 99 Moruya NSW 2537.
You will need to pay the applicable fee at the time of lodging your application. The current fees are:
- installation application: $344
- modification: $93
- unapproved existing tank: $515.
OSSM risk ratings
All OSSMs are allocated a risk rating, which determines the frequency of inspections. If you have a sewage management system that has been operating for a while, there is an opportunity to downgrade the risk rating so inspections are required less frequently.
You can apply for this if systems are well maintained and meet these criteria:
- No defects have been identified for the past three inspections (high risk) or two inspections (medium risk).
- The property has remained in the same ownership during the above inspections.
- The property is owner-occupied (not tenanted or holiday rented).
- Griffith City Council: Get SepticSmart fact sheets - how to operate and maintain your OSSMs in a safe and responsible way
- NSW Office of Local Government: On-site sewage management and Easy Septic Guide
- NSW Office of Local Government: On-site sewage management - septic tanks
- NSW Health: On-site single domestic wastewater management - accredited sewage management systems
If you need more information about on-site sewage management systems, please contact our Public and Environmental Health Team:
- T: 02 4474 1310
- E: Council's Public and Environmental Health Team